Confirming or dispelling facts commonly attributed to the Julia Wallace murder case.
Myth #1: The caller and killer are definitely the same person
One of the “accepted facts” of the case, for both the defence and the prosecution, was that whoever placed the telephone call to the chess club was obviously the same person who murdered Julia.
In reality, there is nothing whatsoever to substantiate such a claim. It is entirely possible the caller is a different person than whoever killed Julia Wallace; and even that the call is entirely unrelated (a prank call was speculated by novelist P. D. James).
Of course, it may very well be that the caller is indeed the killer, but a fundamental flaw in the investigation of this case stemmed from that faulty logic.
Myth #2: The “missing” iron bar was found years later
Jane Sarah Draper (charwoman to the Wallace’s) stated that an iron bar was missing from the parlour. It was claimed in a book by Johnathan Goodman that years later, residents who moved into the home found a rusty iron bar beneath the fireplace.
However, I have heard it said that at the time, the police took the fireplace unit out of the wall, so whether or not this was the same bar that was claimed missing is uncertain.
Myth #3: Only someone admitted by Wallace or Julia could have entered the home
Around the time this crime was committed, the security of locks was not what it was today. There were several “housebreaking” gangs operating around Liverpool using duplicate or skeleton keys. One such gang of youths were found with a large set of such keys they had crafted using a file.
At an earlier time, a man named Mr. Cadwallader (deceased at the time of the murder) had, while drunk, entered the Wallace’s home at night using the key for his own house. He wandered up to the Wallace’s bedroom startling them, before realizing his error and leaving.
Myth #4: Julia never admitted strangers into the home
While William Herbert Wallace told everyone that it was his wife’s “rigid rule” to not admit into the home anyone she did not know, this claim has been disputed by his sister-in-law Amy Wallace. In a statement she unwittingly gave to the press (who were posing as police detectives), was published, stating as such:
“Mrs. Wallace was one of the most peaceful and loveable of women. In fact her kindness was perhaps her only fault. Her husband, my brother-in-law, was perhaps nervous of her being all alone at home at night, as they had no family, and had told her more than once not to open the door to strangers.” – Amy Wallace.
Amy stated that she believed if anybody had knocked at the door, given how cold it was, Julia would have invited them in.
Myth #5: William Herbert Wallace was a master at chess
Much is made of Wallace’s skills at chess, and how this may have factored into the murder if he is guilty. However, many who knew him and played against him have gone on record as saying that he was in fact a very poor chess player.
In the John Bull articles Wallace states that he has matched his mind against the greatest chess players on the planet. While this is true, what is not mentioned is that these were “simultaneous exhibition matches” (where a chess grandmaster plays many opponents at once), and Wallace was soundly beaten.
He was also only in the 2nd class chess league, which was the middle league in terms of skill. His friend James Caird was in the higher 1st class league.
Myth #6: Richard “Gordon” Parry had no alibi for the murder
It is often stated that Gordon Parry faked his alibi for the time of the murder. While he did in fact give a false alibi for the day of the telephone call, he was provided an alibi for the time of the murder by Olivia Brine. This was supported by her nephew and friend of Parry, Harold Denison.
This alibi covered him from 5.30 PM until 8.30 PM on the night of the murder. The milk boy claims to have seen Julia alive at 6.30 PM, while Wallace was seen outside his home (apparently unable to get in) at 8.45 PM.
If the alibi is true, then Parry, after leaving Olivia Brine’s house at 43 Knoclaid Road, would have to drive to 29 Wolverton Street, gain access, and murder Julia, within a space of 15 minutes. Considering the driving time alone would be about 5 minutes with him parking directly outside the home, this would give him just 10 minutes.
Myth #7: Gordon Parry’s girlfriend – years later – claimed she had pushed back the time Gordon arrived at her house
This one is true.
According to Johnathan Goodman, Lily Josephine Moss Lloyd (Parry’s longtime girlfriend), after her relationship with Gordon ended, told Wallace’s solicitor Hector Munro that she had falsified the time of the murder night alibi for Gordon, and that she would sign an affidavit attesting the fact.
When Munro was interviewed by Roger Wilkes in the 1980s however, he said he did not remember such an encounter. Wilkes then set about tracking down Lily Lloyd. When quizzed, she herself said that she did indeed tell police he had arrived at her home earlier than he really did.
However Gordon Parry’s alibi for having committed the murder did not hinge on Lily Lloyd, but on Olivia Brine. Gordon claimed that he had been with Lily Lloyd much later in the evening, some time around 11 PM.
It appears she had kept in contact with Gordon up until his dying day and said to Wilkes that although she did falsify the time, she is sure he is not the killer and that he had never said anything to her that would have suggested he was.
Myth #8: The parlour in which the body was found was free of blood spatter
Due to the very poor quality photographs online, it often appears that the walls are completely clean of any splashes of blood. This can cause confusion when reading accounts discussing the extensive blood spray up the walls reaching as high as the ceiling. In higher quality photographs, the blood spatter can be seen.
See the dark spots to the left of the following photo for example – which do not show in 99% of photos floating around on the web:
Myth #9: Wallace wrote a cryptic anagram about his wife’s murder in his diary
Author John Gannon states that Wallace’s reference to a book he had been reading – “J Lays 1889” – does not exist, and that it is an anagram for “Slay J” (Slay Julia), with 1889 being the time (18.89 -> 19.29).
However in reality, the author is very much real; Wallace simply made an error in his spelling.
The author Wallace refers to is “J Leys” (John Kirkwood Leys), and based on his interests it seems possible the book he is referring to is “A new natural history of birds, beast and fishes”. Although that book was released in 1886, 1889 may have been a reprint – but I will need confirmation on that point.
Crucial Errors in Gannon’s Masterpiece:
Gannon’s document on the case (which is certainly more of a document than a book, and in dire need of an editor) contains a number of very crucial errors which could swing someone’s view of the verdict and therefore must be addressed. The manuscript is so long I will have to update it as I go and edit more in:
- Wallace said Julia never wore a mackintosh.
FALSE: What Wallace actually said is that Julia never wore THE mackintosh, referring to his own that was found beneath her. Vital because Wallace asks what Julia was doing with “her” mackintosh when Gannon’s version of the quote would imply she didn’t own one.
- Lily Hall definitely said the man she identified as Wallace went down the entry to Wolverton Street.
FALSE: Gannon does not even include the entirety of the text of her statement (he quotes one of the preliminary trials), but it seems that what she says in the main trial is that he goes down the entry towards Sedley Street… In other words, the opposite direction which I covered here. Gannon definitely had access to the full main trial text so it is peculiar he left it out, and also annoying he left out the rest of the testimony from the line of questioning he is quoting.
- The chess club met in the basement of the café.
FALSE: During the main trial, the full text of which is on this site for you to see, Gladys Harley was questioned about the café, stating it had 4 rooms all on the ground floor. Other authors have said the same thing. I believe Gannon has misinterpreted “ground floor” as meaning “basement”.
- Wallace pretended Marsden had visited his home more than he really had during his period of sickness.
POSSIBLE: In Wallace’s statement, during his illness at the end of 1928 (more the very beginning of 1929) Parry collected on his behalf two or three days a week for three weeks. He said that Marsden also did part of the work for him at this time.
Both Wallace’s diary and Parry’s statement suggests Parry had worked for Wallace for two weeks (a “fortnight” in British slang).
Gannon unfortunately uses an assumption about the period of time Wallace needed to recover from his illness – stating that because bronchitis usually takes two weeks to recover from, then that must have been the duration of time Wallace was off. Actually the length of this illness is unknown…
However, if the three weeks mentioned by Wallace is the time he was off, then Parry may have fulfilled some of the collections on two of the weeks, and Marsden on another.
Furthermore, Wallace suggests Parry collected two to three days per week. This would leave other days of collection unfilfilled. To say that the men would only ever want to come to Wallace’s home to hand over the money seems to be an assumption – albeit plausible – and it seems Parry did do this.
- Julia was hit while sitting in the “two-seater settee”.
FALSE: I am not sure if this is just poor wording or something, but the chair she was sat in is the armchair to the left of the fireplace. This does not to me look like a seat for two. Reading his work one might falsely believe he is saying Julia was sat on the lounger couch type thing which you see on the opposite side of the room.
She was sat on the chair which has the violin case across it, which can be clearly seen, meaning there’s no mistaking which chair forensics etc. are referring to.
- Forensics stated Julia was hit with her head facing to the right.
FALSE: Gannon claims McFall concluded Julia was “sitting on the two-seater settee, her head lowered and inclined to the right as if in conversation with somebody.”
This is false, the direction is the complete opposite. As already explained above the two-seater settee term seems to imply the couch type thing on the complete opposite side of the room, when it was actually the armchair on the left.
But on the topic of this point, McFall stated very clearly that he believed her head was to the LEFT (towards the fireplace) as though in conversation: “It is suggested to my mind that the person had been sitting on that chair, with the head a little forward, slightly turned to the left, as if talking to somebody.”
If Gannon has found this report from some other recess of the files then it seems McFall completely reversed his opinion on yet another matter (the direction her head was facing when struck), not only the time of death and number of blows.